Learning about wine is a bit like learning a new language, and when learning a new language there’s bound to be some points of confusion or “false friends“. Here are a few wine terms that are easily mistaken.
Claret vs Clairette
- Claret is a British term for red wine from Bordeaux, France.
- Clairette is a white grape used in winemaking in the Rhône Valley in France
Muscat vs. Muscadet vs. Muscadelle
- Muscat is a family of grapes that has varieties used in wine making and for eating. In Italy, the sparking wine Moscato is made from the the Muscat grape. In France and Spain, Muscat grapes are often used to make fortified wines.
- Muscadet is a dry, white wine made in the Loire Valley from the grape called Melon de Bourgogne. It is not related to the Muscat family of grapes – it is a cross between Gouais blanc and Pinot blanc.
- Muscadelle is another white grape that is used for blending in the Bordeaux region in France. It is not related to the Muscat family of grapes – it is a cross between Gouais blanc and an unidentified grape variety.
Syrah and Petit Sirah
- Syrah is a red wine grape originating from France. Syrah is known as Shiraz, in Australia.
- Petit Sirah is a red wine grape that resulted from a crossing of Syrah and Peloursin Grapes. Petit Sirah is also known as Durif.
Pouilly-Fumé vs. Pouilly-Fuissé
- Pouilly-Fumé is a wine region in the Loire Valley of France that is known for its Sauvignon Blanc wines.
- Pouilly-Fuissé is a wine region in Burgundy, France that is known for its Chardonnay wines.
VDN vs. VDL
- VDN stands for vins doux naturel. VDNs are fortified wines, common in the south of France, where brandy is added to the wine to stop the fermentation.
- VDL stands for vin de liquer. VDLs are also fortified wines; however, the brandy is added to the unfermented grape juice.
Montepulciano d’Abruzzo vs. Vino Nobile de Montepulciano
- Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is made in the region of Abruzzo, from the Montepulciano grapes.
- Vino Nobile de Montepulciano is made in the town of Montepulciano, from Sangiovese grapes.